United Nations—Makeshift
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United Nations

Makeshift tracked the flow of intellectual property across Nairobi’s informal manufacturing clusters

Institute Case Study


How do informal makers develop new inventions? How do they protect them in volatile legal environments? How do ideas spread through viral networks? These are some of the questions the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) posed to Makeshift. Over several weeks of ethnographic research in Nairobi, along with expert interviews, Makeshift helped WIPO understand the role intellectual property can play in informal manufacturing clusters and made recommendations for policy design.

Read the report published by WIPO



Making Do

Makeshift published its first book, reshaping perceptions of innovation in Africa’s informal economy

Institute Publication